Sociopathic Lying Pseudologia Fantastica and Mythomania

Liars shaw

In psychiatry, pathological lying (also called compulsive lying, pseudologia fantastica and mythomania) is a behavior of habitual or compulsive lying.It was first described in the medical literature in 1891 by Anton Delbrueck. Pathological lying has been defined as “falsification entirely disproportionate to any discernible end in view, may be extensive and very complicated, and may manifest over a period of years or even a lifetime”. The individual may be aware they are lying, or may believe they are telling the truth, being unaware that they are relating fantasies.

Little has been written about pathological lying but studies show that it has a prevalence of almost 1 in 1,000. It usually starts with juveniles at the age of 16 years. 30% have has a chaotic home environment where a parent or family member had a mental disturbance.

The stories told are usually dazzling or fantastical, but never breach the limits of plausibility, which is key to the pathological liar’s tack. The tales are not a manifestation of delusion or some broader type of psychosis; upon confrontation, the teller can admit them to be untrue, even if unwillingly.
The fabricative tendency is chronic; it is not provoked by the immediate situation or social pressure so much as it is an innate trait of the personality. There is some element of dyscontrol present.
A definitely internal, not an external, motive for the behavior can be discerned clinically: e.g., long-lasting extortion or habitual spousal battery might cause a person to lie repeatedly, without the lying being a pathological symptom.
The stories told tend toward presenting the liar favorably. The liar decorates their own person by telling stories that present them as the hero or the victim. For example, the person might be presented as being fantastically brave, as knowing or being related to many famous people, or as having great power, position, or wealth.It can also portray them as a victim of diabolical plots.

Pathological lying may also present as false memory syndrome, where the sufferer genuinely believes that fictitious (imagined) events have taken place. Sometimes when the lie gets a life of it’s own the sufferer begins to believe the delusion them selves.

Because pathological lying has not been recognized as a disorder it can be difficult to diagnose. There are many other disorders that can account for it such as Psychopathy, antisocial, borderline, narcissistic and histrionic disorders.

When a lie detector is used it can show that the pseudologia fantastica patients exhibit arousal, stress and guilt from the deception. Psychopaths have none of these reactions.

PF sufferers often lie because they think their lives are boring and they need to make themselves more interesting. Pathological lying is also Factor 1 in the Hare Psychopathy checklist.

People need to be aware of these personalities as they can wreck their own and others lives with their stories. Reputations and relations suffer greatly because of them. So in conclusion if the lie seems fantastic it probably is. Always question the reasons behind the story. Sometimes things just aren’t what they seem and Narcissists and Sociopaths are very good at all of this. It is used quite often in social media to boost the pathological liars status among their friends. Also in real life these lies can be used to denigrate others and show the pathological liar in a more favorable light.

14 comments

  1. marilynmunrow · December 1, 2014

    Reblogged this on Marilyn Munrow and commented:
    Well well well, i think you hit the nail on the head this time Galesmind. Love your post. False Memory Syndrome sounds very much like a symptom that one of my stalkers is suffering from. If she cant remember what she said, or wrote, she just makes things up and then believes them herself. How bizarre?

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Gale Molinari · December 1, 2014

    It is sad when one starts to believe ones own lies.

    Liked by 1 person

  3. ally1lakeside · December 1, 2014

    Strangely I was chatting to someone about this situation and a blog I was reading that was contained more fantasy than Sleeping Beauty or better still, “Alice in Wonderland”. The blogger contradicts herself so much and even screenshots have been changed. I;m not sure whether this is because she is a fantacist or a pathological liar

    Like

  4. ally1lakeside · December 1, 2014

    Reblogged this on ally1lakeside and commented:
    Some people really need to stick to telling the truth because they trip themselves up forgetting what they have previously said and make a show of themselves. People are not stupid and can see what is the truth!

    Like

    • Gale Molinari · December 1, 2014

      People with this pathology think every one else is a fool that is how they trip themselves up.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. M&M, Inc. · December 1, 2014

    Reblogged this on Phoenix Rising From the Ashes and commented:
    I am a victim of such a person. They have told their lies for so long, they believe it is reality! They also play this as a game, as I am not their first victim and surely not their last. I do believe they think, even if it’s subconsciously, that their lives are boring and they make up the lies to get attention and they are always play the role of the victim. I hope someday they get the phsycological help they need so they will STOP looking for victims to attack.

    Like

  6. normalisboringsoiheard · December 1, 2014

    My ex husband does this all the time, his inconsistent patterns are all beautifully documented, no one cares! The courts, mediators, the police, child support people, I can’t wait for my children to be 18. For reals. So I can get away from him, he just makes me sick, blak!

    Like

  7. nike dunks · December 27, 2014

    Nicely accomplished, properly said. Difficult to come across a nicer guy than Mark…
    (nicely, possibly his brother)

    Like

  8. Gale A. Molinari · January 8, 2015

    Reblogged this on galesmind.

    Like

  9. Pingback: Sociopathic Lying Pseudologia Fantastica and Mythomania | HelpingOthersHelpThemselves
  10. sonniq · July 7, 2015

    Unfortunately I think this is my daughter. Earlier this year she crossed the line with her stories and looking back through everything she ever told me I realize now most of them were unnecessary fabrications. Stories she expounded on. They grew legs. Here is one of many. She told me she divorced her husband years ago and 6 years ago sent me pictures of a 2nd marriage. Then she told me she got papers in the mail saying there was something wrong with the filing and the divorce was never final and PLEASE don’t tell husband #2! So for the next 6 years I keep asking if she took care of it because she couldn’t stay married to 2 people. There was always an excuse. A few months ago I was talking to husband #1and I just said the statement, “When you two got divorced” and he said, “What are you talking about? We never got divorced.” That unnecessary lie lasted 10 years! Did she really get married again? Now she’s living with someone else. Her last few lies really hurt people and I had to either choose to believe her or she was going to get vicious. I couldn’t believe her. I knew they weren’t true. She started screaming at me. I blocked her number from my phone. I had believed her lies before. I didn’t have a reason not to. She felt I betrayed her. I realize now it started when she was about 14. She’s 34 now. She doesn’t live near me but I am going to see her in Sept. I want us to find a park with no one around and get this out in the open. Many of her lies had her as a victim.

    Liked by 1 person

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